Natural Setting - Rugged coast line, sandy beaches, heavily timbered ranges, snow-capped peaks, broad river valleys, rough drainage basins, lava
fields, gigantic geologic faults, and rolling upland plains cut by deep gorges, spread out in changing panoramas in this land of scenic surprises...
  History - The earliest explorers along the coast of what is now the State of
Oregon were Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, a Portuguese in the service of Spain... About the same latitude was reached in 1579 by Sir Francis Drake, who there abandoned his search for a northern passage...
  Indians - Archeological research has revealed evidences of numerous successive cultures in many parts of Oregon. Surviving the wear of centuries on canyon walls and cliffs are rude designs daubed in red ochre or outlined in primitive carving. Although often the subject of fanciful interpretation...
  Salem, capital of Oregon and seat of Marion County, is the second largest city in the state. The Willamette River, rolling through forest and meadow, passes along the margin of the town. Westward rises the crest of the Eola Mountains. Farms, orchards, and vineyards...

  Portland, largest city in Oregon, is on both banks of the Willamette River near its confluence with the Columbia. From Council Crest or from the heights behind Washington Park, the city is a vista of green hillsides, with gardens and terraced courts, and dwellings framed in foliage...
  Astoria, named for John Jacob Astor, is the seat of Clatsop County and the site of the first permanent settlement in the Oregon country. Because of its commerce and industry and its position at the mouth of the Columbia River, Astoria has grown from a palisaded trading post to an important port...